L’organisme Harm Reduction International (HRI) analyse les tendances en matière d’application de la peine de mort à travers le monde et vient de publier un rapport incluant les résultats de 2018.
Source : Harm Reduction International
The death penalty for drug offences in 2018 : a snapshot
- Drug offences are punishable by death in at least 35 countries and territories worldwide.
- The total number of confirmed executions for drug offences (excluding China, including very limited data from Vietnam) between 2008 and 2018 is 4,366 (of which 3,975 were in Iran alone).
- Only four of these countries executed individuals for drug offences in 2018 (China, Iran, Singapore and Saudi Arabia). It is likely that Vietnam carried out drug-related executions, but because of state secrecy it is not possible to confirm this.
- At least 91 people were executed for drug offences in 2018 (excluding China and Vietnam).
- This represents a 68.5% decrease from 2017, a fall primarily driven by developments in Iran, where executions for drug offences fell 90% (from 221 in 2017 to 23 in 2018).
- Over 7,000 people are currently on death row for drug offences globally.
- At least 13 countries sentenced a minimum of 149 people to death for non-violent drug offences in 2018. A significant proportion of those sentenced are foreign nationals.